Cubism is an early-20th-century avant-garde art movement that revolutionized European painting and sculpture, and inspired related movements in musicliterature and architecture. In Cubist artwork, objects are analyzed, broken up and reassembled in an abstracted form—instead of depicting objects from a single viewpoint, the artist depicts the subject from a multitude of viewpoints to represent the subject in a greater context.[1] Cubism has been considered the most influential art movement of the 20th century.[2][3] The term is broadly used in association with a wide variety of art produced in Paris (Montmartre and Montparnasse) or near Paris (Puteaux) during the 1910s and throughout the 1920s.

The movement was pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, and joined by Jean MetzingerAlbert GleizesRobert DelaunayHenri Le FauconnierJuan Gris, and Fernand Léger.[4] One primary influence that led to Cubism was the representation of three-dimensional form in the late works of Paul Cézanne.[5] A retrospective of Cézanne’s paintings had been held at the Salon d’Automne of 1904, current works were displayed at the 1905 and 1906 Salon d’Automne, followed by two commemorative retrospectives after his death in 1907.[6]

In France, offshoots of Cubism developed, including Orphismabstract art and later Purism.[7][8] The impact of Cubism was far-reaching and wide-ranging. In France and other countries FuturismSuprematismDadaConstructivismVorticismDe Stijl and Art Deco developed in response to Cubism. Early Futurist paintings hold in common with Cubism the fusing of the past and the present, the representation of different views of the subject pictured at the same time or successively, also called multiple perspective, simultaneity or multiplicity,[9] while Constructivism was influenced by Picasso’s technique of constructing sculpture from separate elements.[10] Other common threads between these disparate movements include the faceting or simplification of geometric forms, and the association of mechanization and modern life.



Pablo Picasso is the most famous artist of the 19th and 20th century. He was born in 1881 in Malaga, Spain. Picasso was a painter, sculptor, printmaker, ceramist and stage designer. He is considered one of the most influential artists…